An Association Agreement, including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area, was negotiated in 2007-2011 and initiated in 2012. On 10 December 2012, the Council of the European Union adopted Conclusions on Ukraine that affirmed the EU’s commitment to signing the Agreement as soon as Ukraine had taken determined action and made tangible progress towards achieving the benchmarks set out in the Conclusions.
On 27 June 2014, the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement was signed by European Union Heads of State and Government and Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko in Brussels.
The Association Agreement was simultaneously ratified by the Verkhovna Rada and the European Parliament on 16 September 2014.
Title 4 of the Association Agreement (which establishes a deep and comprehensive free trade area (DCFTA)) is planned to enter into force on 31 December 2015. In order to maintain its support for Ukrainian exporters, the EU will extend its autonomous trade measures up to the same date
The Association Agreement is a pioneering document: it is the first agreement based on political association between the EU and any of the Eastern Partnership countries, and is unprecedented in its breadth (number of areas covered) and depth (detail of commitments and timelines).
The key parts focus on support to core reforms, economic recovery and growth, and governance and sector cooperation in areas such as energy, transport and environment protection, industrial cooperation, social development and protection, equal rights, consumer protection, education, youth, and cultural cooperation.
The Agreement also puts a strong emphasis on values and principles: democracy and the rule of law, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, good governance, a market economy and sustainable development.
There will be enhanced cooperation in foreign and security policy and energy.
It includes a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area – this will go further than classic free trade areas, as it will both open up markets but also address competitiveness issues and the steps needed to meet EU standards and trade on EU markets.
The Agreement will also highlight Justice, Freedom & Security issues which also include provisions on mobility.
Relevant information materials and brochures:
- Documents signed on 21 March 2014: signatures of the political provisions of the Association Agreement [4 MB] , Final Act of the Summit [16 KB] , the signatures of the Final Act [3 MB]
- Brochure on the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement
- Frequently asked questions about Ukraine, EU-Ukraine Association Agreement and the EUs Eastern Partnership [674 KB]
- EU-Ukraine Association Agreement - "What´s it all about? Q&A" [179 KB]
- EU-Ukraine Association Agreement - "What does the Agreement offer?"
The Association Agreement is the solution - not the problem, an article by Jan Tombinski, Ambassador of the European Union to Ukraine
- EU-Ukraine Relations